In learning Spanish, verb conjugation is an essential skill to learn. Why do students learning the language need to know verb conjugation in Spanish? The definition of verb conjugation is the following:
Spanish is a relatively synthetic language with a modern to high degree of inflection, which shows up mostly in Spanish verb conjugation.
Inflection, in this case, represents the way the verbs are conjugated to mean different parts of speech. In Spanish, verbs are designated to the different types of person of speech or subject pronouns.
Grammatically, verbs are actions done by the subject. The subject pronouns are often called the persons of verb conjugation. Each person of the Spanish pronoun is associated with each verb conjugation.
When verbs are used in Spanish, they are assigned a singular and plural person. The singular person is the first, second, and third person. In the same way, the plural person is the first, second, and third person.
Diagrams of How to Conjugate Spanish Regular Verbs:
The following diagram represents the conjugation of the regular verb comer or to eat:
Notice that there is a pattern of conjugation:
Examples of Spanish verb conjugation:
For example, some ways to use the verb comer or to eat are the following:
Yo como una manzana. (I eat an apple.)
Tú comes una manzana.
Ella come una manzana.
Nosotros comemos unas manzanas.
Vosotros coméis unas manzanas.
Ustedes comen unas manzanas.
In other words, the pattern can easily be applied to other regular verbs the end in –er. Take a look at the following verb barrer or to sweep. If you apply the rules of a regular –er verb, you should get:
Yo barro. (I sweep.)
Él, Ella, Usted barre.
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes barren.
Now, you can try to apply the rules to the following verbs:
Meter (to put in, put in)
Deber (to owe, must, have to, ought)
So far, you’ve learned about regular Spanish verbs. Irregular Spanish verbs don’t follow a particular pattern. In particular, the verb ser or to be is an important verb to know. The following shows how the verb ser is conjugated.
Diagram of Spanish verb – Ser (To Be):
Examples of Spanish Verb -Ser:
Here are some examples of ser:
Yo soy de España. (I’m from Spain.)
Tú eres un médico. (You are a doctor.)
Ella es norteamericana. (She is North American.)
Nosotros somos del norte. (We are from the north.)
Vosotros sois maestros. (We are teachers.)
Son las doce de la noche. (It is midnight.)
Learning Spanish verbs takes practice. The more you use regular verbs in Spanish in sentences, reading, and writing, the more apt you’ll be in recognizing them. The verb ser or to be is an essential verb to know, since much of the language is expressed with this verb.
You can find blank practice worksheets in the Language section.