Colors, magnificent as they are, can describe the very essence of where we live. They illustrate every single detail about where and how we see the world around us. From a shirt to a milk cup, colors can tell us whether the shirt is red or the milk cup is yellow. But how can our eyes detect and identify the different colors we see?
Botany or the study of plants is a great way to introduce simple and basic plant concepts. Plants have many components like leaves, which make parts of trees, bushes, and flowers. When plants grow, they can produce seeds, fruits and leaves. But leaves are powerful producers of photosynthesis. They harness the sunlight energy in the presence of carbon dioxide and water to manufacture sugars necessary for plants to live. Without leaves, trees and plants would not be able to exist.
Leaves are present in different shapes and sizes. Botanists are experts that can distinguish between the various types of leaves. Some leaves can be long, oblong, or short, circular. But these can vary. From simple to complex ones, most leaves have veins. These channels carry nutrients and water to plants.
But young nature explorers can also identify and distinguish the different types of leaves. In this project, children along with adults can explore backyards or parks for several leaves. Children should always be along side adults when exploring unknown places.
How to use broken pieces of crayons?
- Pieces of crayons
- Aluminum muffin liners
- Preheat oven to 200 degrees Fahrenheit
- Collect as many broken pieces of crayons
- Separate them by color or color tones
- Place them on separate muffin liners
- Insert into oven for 5 to 10 minutes. Warning: Only adults should take the muffin pan out.
- Let the crayons cool
- Once cool, gently take them out and place on a paper plate or other suitable place
- Use to color, draw or to do the leaves project below
How to use crayons to identify types of leaves?
- Crayon slabs
- Various leaves
- Construction papers
- Collect fallen leaves in your backyard or park
- Select leaves with various shapes and sizes (tip: Make sure to not gather crunchy leaves. They tend to break for this project)
- Place them on a plastic bag
- Arrange them on construction paper
- Color the side with veins
- Paste them with glue and let them dry
- Study the veins and contour arrangements
Did you notice the different shapes of each leaf? Did you notice the veins as you color the leaf? When doing this project, make sure to study the structures, forms, and color of each leaf.
For many parts of the World, the winter season has arrived (or perhaps summer); depending on which hemisphere you live in. But let us consider how winter is described in the Northern Hemisphere. The solstice and equinox dates mark the beginning of summer and winter, with the solstice date in June being the longest day of summer and equinox date in September being the beginning of fall. But what is the marking point of winter?
Winter begins with the solstice date in December. On this date, the winter solstice was the longest night or shortest day in the calendar year. As the Earth rotates around its own axis and around the Sun, the Sun has reached its lowest point. This created the darkest day of the calendar year for people that live in the Northern Hemisphere.
Since there is little or no sunlight, it is definitely the beginning for trees to completely lose its leaves, for animals to finish collecting food and gather all necessary resources, for most birds to migrate, and other animals to hibernate. Many places where winter is prevalent, snow, snowstorms, and very extreme cold temperatures will dominate for months.
This type of condition prevents animals from seeking and hunting food and water. To compensate for this, animals have evolved to hibernate or migrate to other places on Earth to survive. In this way, animals are able to conserve energy or seek other sources of food to endure the winter season.
This is also an opportunity to await the arrival of their offspring, which will continue on with the genetic legacy of the species. The arrival of newly offspring in spring ensures the continuity of the species and evolution.
What are some signs that winter or summer has arrived in your hometown?